MS² (MS-squared) is a blog about how we as minority scientists have maximized success during our early career journey. The posts are written by scientists of color have overcome many setbacks to reach their goals. The blog was founded by three black PhD scientists; Dr. Christopher (Chris) J. Pulliam, Dr. Nicholas (Nick) Pulliam, and Colby M. (Adolph) Vöst, PhD. We have a passion for mentorship, diversity, recruiting and retention, and representation.


Our mission is to share our experiences as scientists of color and provide technical and professional development strategies for early career professionals.


To maximize the success of early career professionals.